相信许多留学生对数学代考都不陌生,国外许多大学都引进了网课的学习模式。网课学业有利有弊,学生不需要到固定的教室学习,只需要登录相应的网站研讨线上课程即可。但也正是其便利性,线上课程的数量往往比正常课程多得多。留学生课业深重,时刻名贵,既要学习知识,又要结束多种类型的课堂作业,physics作业代写,物理代写,论文写作等;网课考试很大程度增加了他们的负担。所以,您要是有这方面的困扰,不要犹疑,订购myassignments-help代考渠道的数学代考服务,价格合理,给你前所未有的学习体会。

我们的数学代考服务适用于那些对课程结束没有掌握,或许没有满足的时刻结束网课的同学。高度匹配专业科目,按需结束您的网课考试、数学代写需求。担保买卖支持,100%退款保证,免费赠送Turnitin检测报告。myassignments-help的Math作业代写服务,是你留学路上忠实可靠的小帮手!


经济代写|微观经济学代写Microeconomics代考|Production in the Short Run

To gain a deeper understanding of the origins of the supply curve, it is helpful to consider a perfectly competitive firm confronting the decision of how much to produce. The firm in question is a small company that makes glass bottles. To keep things simple, suppose that the silica required for making bottles is available free of charge from a nearby desert and that the only costs incurred by the firm are the wages it pays its employees and the lease payment on its bottle-making machine. The employees and the machine are the firm’s only two factors of production-inputs used to produce goods and services. In more complex examples, factors of production also might include land, structures, entrepreneurship, and possibly others, but for the moment we consider only labor and capital.

When we refer to the short run, we mean a period of time during which at least some of the firm’s factors of production cannot be varied. For our bottle maker, we will assume that the number of employees can be varied on short notice but that the capacity of its bottle-making machine can be altered only with significant delay. For this firm, then, the short run is simply that period of time during which the firm cannot alter the capacity of its bottle-making machine. By contrast, when we speak of the long run, we refer to a time period of sufficient length that all the firm’s factors of production are variable.

Table $4.1$ shows how the company’s bottle production depends on the number of hours its employees spend on the job each day. The output-employment relationship described in Table $4.1$ exhibits a pattern that is common to many such relationships. Each time we move duwn one row in the table, output gruws by 100 bottles per day, but note in the right column that it takes larger and larger increases in the amount of labor to achieve this increase. Economists refer to this pattern as the law of diminishing returns, and it always refers to situations in which at least some factors of production are fixed, which can be stated as follows:

经济代写|微观经济学代写Microeconomics代考|Price Equals Marginal Cost: The Seller’s Supply Rule

Marginal cost is by far the most important cost concept you will encounter in economics. As the name suggests, it is the rate at which the firm’s total costs change when it expands its production.

The observation that the profit-maximizing quantity for a firm to supply does not depend on its fixed costs is not an idiosyncrasy of Example 4.5. That it holds true in general is an immediate consequence of the Cost-Benefit Principle, which says that a firm should increase its output if, and only if, the extra benefit exceeds the extra cost. If the firm expands production by 100 bottles per day, its benefit is the extra revenue it gets, which in this case is simply the price of 100 bottles. The cost of expanding production by 100 bottles is by definition the marginal cost of producing 100 bottles-the amount by which total cost increases when bottle production rises by 100 per day. The Cost-Benefit Principle thus tells us that the perfectly competitive firm should keep expanding production as long as the price of the product is greater than marginal cost.

When the law of diminishing returns applies (that is, when some factors of production are fixed), marginal cost goes up as the firm expands production. Under these circumstances, the firm’s best option is to supply that level of output for which price and marginal cost are exactly equal.

Note in Example $4.5$ that if the company’s capital cost had been any more than $\$ 70$ per day, it would have made a loss at every possible level of output. As long as it still had to pay its capital cost, however, its best bet would have been to continue producing 400 bottles per day. It is better, after all, to experience a smaller loss than a larger one. If a firm in that situation expected conditions to remain the same, though, it would want to get out of the bottle business as soon as its equipment lease expired.

经济代写|微观经济学代写Microeconomics代考|ECON1010

微观经济学代考


经济代写|微观经济学代写微观经济学代考|短期生产


为了更深入地理解供给曲线的起源,考虑一个完全竞争的公司面临生产多少的决定是有帮助的。这家公司是一家生产玻璃瓶的小公司。为了简单起见,假设制造瓶子所需的二氧化硅可以从附近的沙漠免费获得,而公司产生的唯一成本是支付给员工的工资和瓶子制造机器的租赁费。员工和机器是公司仅有的两个生产要素——用于生产商品和服务的投入。在更复杂的例子中,生产要素也可能包括土地、结构、企业家精神,可能还有其他因素,但目前我们只考虑劳动力和资本


当我们提到短期时,我们指的是至少公司的一些生产要素不能改变的一段时间。对于我们的制瓶商,我们会假设员工数量可以在短时间内改变,但制瓶机的产能只能在显著延迟的情况下改变。因此,对于这家公司来说,短期只是一段时间,在这段时间内,该公司不能改变其制瓶机的产能。相比之下,当我们谈到长期时,我们指的是一段足够长的时间,使公司的所有生产要素都是可变的

表$4.1$显示了该公司的瓶子生产如何依赖于其员工每天花在工作上的小时数。表$4.1$中描述的产出-就业关系显示了许多这类关系的共同模式。每次我们移动表中的一行,每天输出100瓶粗饲料,但请注意,在右列中,要实现这一增长需要越来越多的劳动力。经济学家将这种模式称为收益递减法则,它通常指的是至少部分生产要素是固定的情况,具体表述如下

经济代写|微观经济学代写微观经济学代考|价格等于边际成本:卖方的供应规则


边际成本是迄今为止你在经济学中遇到的最重要的成本概念。顾名思义,它是指当企业扩大生产时,其总成本的变化率


一个公司供给的利润最大化的数量不依赖于它的固定成本,这不是例4.5的特性。一般来说,这是成本效益原则的直接结果,该原则认为,当且仅当额外收益超过额外成本时,企业应该增加产出。如果这家公司每天增加100瓶的产量,它的收益就是它获得的额外收入,在这种情况下,这仅仅是100瓶的价格。根据定义,生产100瓶酒的成本就是生产100瓶酒的边际成本——当每天增加100瓶酒的产量时,总成本增加的金额。因此,成本-收益原理告诉我们,只要产品的价格大于边际成本,完全竞争企业就应该继续扩大生产


当收益递减定律适用时(也就是说,当一些生产要素是固定的),边际成本随着公司扩大生产而上升。在这种情况下,企业的最佳选择是提供价格和边际成本完全相等的产出水平


在例子$4.5$中请注意,如果公司的资本成本超过每天$\$ 70$,那么在每一个可能的产出水平上都将出现亏损。然而,只要它还需要支付资本成本,它最好的选择就是继续每天生产400瓶。毕竟,经历较小的损失比经历较大的损失要好。但是,如果一家公司在这种情况下期望条件保持不变,那么一旦设备租赁期满,它就会希望尽快退出瓶子业务

经济代写|微观经济学代写Microeconomics代考

myassignments-help数学代考价格说明

1、客户需提供物理代考的网址,相关账户,以及课程名称,Textbook等相关资料~客服会根据作业数量和持续时间给您定价~使收费透明,让您清楚的知道您的钱花在什么地方。

2、数学代写一般每篇报价约为600—1000rmb,费用根据持续时间、周作业量、成绩要求有所浮动(持续时间越长约便宜、周作业量越多约贵、成绩要求越高越贵),报价后价格觉得合适,可以先付一周的款,我们帮你试做,满意后再继续,遇到Fail全额退款。

3、myassignments-help公司所有MATH作业代写服务支持付半款,全款,周付款,周付款一方面方便大家查阅自己的分数,一方面也方便大家资金周转,注意:每周固定周一时先预付下周的定金,不付定金不予继续做。物理代写一次性付清打9.5折。

Math作业代写、数学代写常见问题

留学生代写覆盖学科?

代写学科覆盖Math数学,经济代写,金融,计算机,生物信息,统计Statistics,Financial Engineering,Mathematical Finance,Quantitative Finance,Management Information Systems,Business Analytics,Data Science等。代写编程语言包括Python代写、Physics作业代写、物理代写、R语言代写、R代写、Matlab代写、C++代做、Java代做等。

数学作业代写会暴露客户的私密信息吗?

我们myassignments-help为了客户的信息泄露,采用的软件都是专业的防追踪的软件,保证安全隐私,绝对保密。您在我们平台订购的任何网课服务以及相关收费标准,都是公开透明,不存在任何针对性收费及差异化服务,我们随时欢迎选购的留学生朋友监督我们的服务,提出Math作业代写、数学代写修改建议。我们保障每一位客户的隐私安全。

留学生代写提供什么服务?

我们提供英语国家如美国、加拿大、英国、澳洲、新西兰、新加坡等华人留学生论文作业代写、物理代写、essay润色精修、课业辅导及网课代修代写、Quiz,Exam协助、期刊论文发表等学术服务,myassignments-help拥有的专业Math作业代写写手皆是精英学识修为精湛;实战经验丰富的学哥学姐!为你解决一切学术烦恼!

物理代考靠谱吗?

靠谱的数学代考听起来简单,但实际上不好甄别。我们能做到的靠谱,是把客户的网课当成自己的网课;把客户的作业当成自己的作业;并将这样的理念传达到全职写手和freelancer的日常培养中,坚决辞退糊弄、不守时、抄袭的写手!这就是我们要做的靠谱!

数学代考下单流程

提早与客服交流,处理你心中的顾虑。操作下单,上传你的数学代考/论文代写要求。专家结束论文,准时交给,在此过程中可与专家随时交流。后续互动批改

付款操作:我们数学代考服务正常多种支付方法,包含paypal,visa,mastercard,支付宝,union pay。下单后与专家直接互动。

售后服务:论文结束后保证完美经过turnitin查看,在线客服全天候在线为您服务。如果你觉得有需求批改的当地能够免费批改,直至您对论文满意为止。如果上交给教师后有需求批改的当地,只需求告诉您的批改要求或教师的comments,专家会据此批改。

保密服务:不需求提供真实的数学代考名字和电话号码,请提供其他牢靠的联系方法。我们有自己的工作准则,不会泄露您的个人信息。

myassignments-help擅长领域包含但不是全部:

myassignments-help服务请添加我们官网的客服或者微信/QQ,我们的服务覆盖:Assignment代写、Business商科代写、CS代考、Economics经济学代写、Essay代写、Finance金融代写、Math数学代写、report代写、R语言代考、Statistics统计学代写、物理代考、作业代写、加拿大代考、加拿大统计代写、北美代写、北美作业代写、北美统计代考、商科Essay代写、商科代考、数学代考、数学代写、数学作业代写、physics作业代写、物理代写、数据分析代写、新西兰代写、澳洲Essay代写、澳洲代写、澳洲作业代写、澳洲统计代写、澳洲金融代写、留学生课业指导、经济代写、统计代写、统计作业代写、美国Essay代写、美国代考、美国数学代写、美国统计代写、英国Essay代写、英国代考、英国作业代写、英国数学代写、英国统计代写、英国金融代写、论文代写、金融代考、金融作业代写。